Structural insights into the G protein selectivity revealed by the human EP3-Gi signaling complex

Ryoji Suno, Yukihiko Sugita, Kazushi Morimoto, Hiroko Takazaki, Hirokazu Tsujimoto, Mika Hirose, Chiyo Suno-Ikeda, Norimichi Nomura, Tomoya Hino, Asuka Inoue, Kenji Iwasaki, Takayuki Kato, So Iwata, Takuya Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prostaglandin receptors have been implicated in a wide range of functions, including inflammation, immune response, reproduction, and cancer. Our group has previously determined the crystal structure of the active-like EP3 bound to its endogenous agonist, prostaglandin E2. Here, we present the single-particle cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) structure of the human EP3-Gi signaling complex at a resolution of 3.4 Å. The structure reveals the binding mode of Gi to EP3 and the structural changes induced in EP3 by Gi binding. In addition, we compare the structure of the EP3-Gi complex with other subtypes of prostaglandin receptors (EP2 and EP4) bound to Gs that have been previously reported and examine the differences in amino acid composition at the receptor-G protein interface. Mutational analysis reveals that the selectivity of the G protein depends on specific amino acid residues in the second intracellular loop and TM5.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111323
JournalCell Reports
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 13 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology

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