Stripe and spot selection in cusp patterning of mammalian molar formation

Wataru Morita, Naoki Morimoto, Keishi Otsu, Takashi Miura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Tooth development is governed largely by epithelial–mesenchymal interactions and is mediated by numerous signaling pathways. This type of morphogenetic processes has been explained by reaction–diffusion systems, especially in the framework of a Turing model. Here we focus on morphological and developmental differences between upper and lower molars in mice by modeling 2D pattern formation in a Turing system. Stripe vs. spot patterns are the primary types of variation in a Turing model. We show that the complexity of the cusp cross-sections can distinguish between stripe vs. spot patterns, and mice have stripe-like upper and spot-like lower molar morphologies. Additionally, our computational modeling that incorporates empirical data on tooth germ growth traces the order of cusp formation and relative position of the cusps in upper and lower molars in mice. We further propose a hypothetical framework of developmental mechanism that could help us understand the evolution of the highly variable nature of mammalian molars associated with the acquisition of the hypocone and the increase of lophedness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9149
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Stripe and spot selection in cusp patterning of mammalian molar formation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this