We previously demonstrated that endothlin-1 (ET-1) augments and ETA receptor antagonist attenuates excitatory neuronal response to glutamate (Glu) in brainstem slices from normotensive rats. The aim of this study was to determine which type of Glu receptor is responsible for the stimulatory effects of ET-1 on neurons of the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS). Single unit discharges were recorded extracellularly from rat brainstem slice preparations. Seven NTS neurons that were excited by solitary tract (ST) stimulation responded to iontophoretically applied ET-1 with neuronal activity. An N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, non-NMDA, 6-cyano-7-nitro-quinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), or DL-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (AP-5) was perfused over the slices with Kreb's-Ringer solution. The increase in neuronal activity evoked by iontophoretically applied ET-1 was nearly abolished by CNQX but not by AP-5. CNQX but not AP-5 decreased the basal spontaneous neuronal activity of NTS neurons. These results suggest that non-NMDA receptors play a role in mediating the stimulatory effect of ET-1 on neuronal activity in the NTS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine