Stemflow estimation models for Japanese cedar and cypress plantations using common forest inventory data

Seonghun Jeong, Kyoichi Otsuki, Yoshinori Shinohara, Akio Inoue, Ryuji Ichihashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Although stemflow (SF) had been regarded as a small portion of the gross rainfall (GR), recent studies have revealed that, depending on the forest stand structure, the SF/GR ratio should not be neglected. This study derived SF/GR estimation models using common forest inventory data. A set of SF/GR ratio and forest inventory data (stand density (SD), total basal area (BA), mean diameter at breast height (DBH¯), mean tree height (H¯), canopy cover (CC), and leaf area index (LAI)) was collected from previous studies of Japanese cedar and cypress plantations. To further investigate the relation between SF/GR ratio and forest stand structures, we examined additional stand-structure variables (mean basal area (BA¯), mean stem surface area (SA¯), and total stem surface area (SA)) derived from the inventory data, and the stand-scale funneling ratio (FRstand) evaluating the efficiency of funneling rainwater. Among all the stand-structure variables, SD exclusively determined the SF/GR ratio, providing the best-fitting positive single linear regression equation as a density-based SF/GR model with a root mean square error (RMSE) of 2.4%. Although this model is useful for practical forest water management because it requires only SD which is the most basic forest inventory data, it has a weak point in meticulous forest water management because it cannot reflect the effect of tree growth on SF/GR ratio. Thus, we developed a size-based SF/GR model (RMSE = 2.0%) based on the strong relationship between the FRstand and DBH¯. This model is applicable to meticulous forest water management because it reflects the effects of not only SD but also tree growth by DBH on SF/GR ratio. These models derived from the common forest inventory data are potentially applicable to the evaluation and control of SF in forest water management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107997
JournalAgricultural and Forest Meteorology
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Atmospheric Science


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