Stabilization of the i-motif structure by the intra-strand cross-link formation

Kenji Kikuta, Haishun Piao, John Brazier, Yosuke Taniguchi, Kazumitsu Onizuka, Fumi Nagatsugi, Shigeki Sasaki

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract The i-motif structures are formed by oligonucleotides containing cytosine tracts under acidic conditions. The folding of the i-motif under physiological conditions is of great interest because of its biological role. In this study, we investigated the effect of the intra-strand cross-link on the stability of the i-motif structure. The 4-vinyl-substituted analog of thymidine (T-vinyl) was incorporated into the 5′-end of the human telomere complementary strand, which formed the intra-strand cross-link with the internal adenine. The intra-strand cross-linked i-motif displayed CD spectra similar to that of the natural i-motif at acidic pH, which was transformed into a random coil with the increasing pH. The pH midpoint for the transition from the i-motif to random coil increased from pH 6.1 for the natural one to pH 6.8 for the cross-linked one. The thermodynamic parameters were obtained by measuring the thermal melting behaviors by CD and UV, and it was determined that the intra-strand cross-linked i-motif is stabilized due to a favorable entropy effect. Thus, this study has clearly indicated the validity of the intra-strand cross-linking for stabilization of the i-motif structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22754
Pages (from-to)3307-3310
Number of pages4
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Jul 3 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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