Squeal and chatter phenomena generated in a mountain bike disc brake

Takashi Nakae, Takahiro Ryu, Atsuo Sueoka, Yutaka Nakano, Takumi Inoue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines squeal and chatter phenomena generated experimentally in mountain bike disc brakes. There are two kinds of frictional self-excited vibrations in the bike disc brakes, called squeal with frequency of 1 kHz and chatter with frequency of 500 Hz. In order to reproduce the squeal and chatter, a bench test apparatus using an actual bike was set up to determine the associated frequency characteristics experimentally. The results show the frequencies to be independent of pad temperature and disc rotating speed. Squeal is shown to be in-plane vibration in the direction of the disc surface which is caused by the frictional characteristics having negative slope with respect to the relative velocity in the vibrating system, which includes brake unit, spokes and hub. Chatter is generated within a limited high temperature region. Again, it is frictional vibration in which the squeal and out-of-plane vibration of the disc due to Coulomb friction combine through the internal resonance relation between in-plane and out-of-plane nonlinear vibration caused by the temperature increase of the disc during braking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2138-2149
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 9 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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