Spontaneous Regression of Metachronous Intra-Abdominal Desmoid Tumor in a Patient with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Kenji Tsuchihashi, Kyoko Yamaguchi, Ryosuke Taguchi, Kenichi Kohashi, Kayo Ijichi, Yuta Okumura, Michitaka Nakano, Akari Ohno, Tomonobu Hioki, Hozumi Shimokawa, Hiroshi Ariyama, Hitoshi Kusaba, Yoshinao Oda, Koichi Akashi, Eishi Baba

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Desmoid tumors are clonal fibroblastic neoplasms that arise in soft tissues. Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) can develop intra-abdominal desmoid tumors. However, metachronous appearance of intra-abdominal desmoid tumor is rare, and its clinical course is not well known. Here, we report a case of spontaneous regression of metachronous intra-abdominal desmoid tumor in a 36-year-old man with FAP. The patient was diagnosed with FAP and underwent laparoscopic total colorectomy. Intra-abdominal desmoid tumor appeared 2 years later and progressed despite treatment with tamoxifen and sulindac. He received four cycles of combinatory therapy with dacarbazine and adriamycin, resulting in shrinkage and stabilization of the desmoid tumor even after cessation of chemotherapy. A new intra-abdominal desmoid tumor developed 2 years later at a different site from the first lesion and progressed from 65 mm to 70 mm in diameter within a month. The size of the first lesion, however, remained unchanged. We prepared for chemotherapy because the second lesion progressed, but follow-up computed tomography showed spontaneous shrinkage of the second lesion. The patient still has not needed additional therapy as of more than 4 years after the appearance of the second lesion. Immunohistochemical staining showed the presence of macrophages in the second lesion. Although metachronous intra-abdominal desmoid tumor is rare and management protocols have yet to be established, this case suggests that an active surveillance approach may be applicable under careful follow-up in asymptomatic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalCase Reports in Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 7 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology


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