Spectroscopic X-ray diffraction for microfocus inspection of Li-ion batteries

Haruno Murayama, Koji Kitada, Katsutoshi Fukuda, Akio Mitsui, Koji Ohara, Hajime Arai, Yoshiharu Uchimoto, Zempachi Ogumi, Eiichiro Matsubara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


We developed spectroscopic X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis to visualize electrochemical reactions occurring at various locations in Li-ion batteries (LIBs). Continuous irradiation with monochromatic X-rays in an energy region using a confocal setup provided a fixed observation position on the order of several tens of microns. Unlike three-dimensionally position sensitive XRD analyses, e.g., angle-scanning XRD and energy-dispersive XRD, this energy-scanning XRD analysis with angle-scanning of the monochromator instead of the detector-scanning has the advantage of profile resolution, position sensitivity, and time-resolution for mapping concentration gradients and diffusion of Li+ associated with the electrochemical properties of LIBs. The microscopic structural inhomogeneity in a sheet-like composite electrode of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 with a thickness of 150 μm was successfully determined with a depth resolution of 50 μm during cell operation. This work demonstrates the potential of spectroscopic XRD as a nondestructive and pinpoint analysis method, thus contributing to the development of high-performance LIBs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20750-20755
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - Sept 11 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Energy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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