Exposure of NG108-15 hybrid cells to islet-activating protein (IAP), pertussis toxin, caused strong ADP-ribosylation of one of the membrane proteins with a molecular weight of 41,000. This ADP-ribosylation was paralleled by decreases in the inhibition of cAMP accumulation in intact cells or associated with reversal of the inhibition of GTP-dependent membrane adenylate cyclase, via α-adrenergic, cholinergic muscarinic, or opiate receptors. The affinity of these receptors for agonists was lowered by guanyl-5'-yl β-γ-imidodiphosphate (Gpp(NH)p) reflecting their coupling to the guanine nucleotide regulatory protein in this cell line. This effect of Gpp(NH)p was lost in membranes of IAP-treated cells; in the absence of Gpp(NH)p, the affinity for agonist was lower in treated than in nontreated cells. In contrast, the function of these receptors to bind antagonists remained unaltered in IAP-treated cells. Thus, IAP treatment of NG108-15 cells caused specific uncoupling of negative signal transduction from inhibitory receptors to the adenylate cyclase catalytic unit via the guanine nucleotide regulatory protein, as a result of ADP-ribosylation of one of the subunits of the regulatory protein.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|Published - 1983
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology