Specific accumulation of γ- and δ-tocotrienols in tumor and their antitumor effect in vivo

Yuhei Hiura, Hirofumi Tachibana, Ryo Arakawa, Natsuki Aoyama, Masaaki Okabe, Midori Sakai, Koji Yamada

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47 Citations (Scopus)


In contrast to extensive studies on tocopherols, very little is understood about tocotrienols (T3). We evaluated the antitumor activities of γ-T3 and δ-T3 in murine hepatoma MH134 cells in vitro and in vivo. We found that δ-T3 inhibited the growth of MH134 cells more strongly than γ-T3 by inducing apoptosis. In C3H/HeN mice implanted with MH134, it was found that γ-T3 and δ-T3 feeding significantly delayed tumor growth. On the other hand, both T3 had no significant effect on body weight, normal-tissue weight and immunoglobulin levels. Intriguingly, we found that T3 was detected in tumor, but not in normal tissues. These results, to our knowledge, are the first demonstration of specific accumulation of γ-T3 and δ-T3 in tumors and suggest that T3 accumulation is critical for the antitumor activities of T3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-613
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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