Circadian and photic regulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) has been shown to associate closely with the function of the circadian clock in vertebrate clock tissues such as the mouse suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Here we show that, in the central region of the mouse SCN, MAPK exhibited circadian and daily rhythms in phosphorylation with a peak at (subjective) night, and this activation was sustained for at least 8h. In contrast, in the dorsomedial region of the SCN, MAPK showed an overt rhythm in phosphorylation with a transient peak at early subjective day, which was antiphase to that in the central region. Noticeably, the phospho-MAPK-immunoreactive cells observed in the dorsomedial region were distributed from the rostral to the caudal end of the SCN, whereas those observed in the central region were localized within the middle SCN along the rostral-caudal axis. Furthermore, a 15-min light pulse given at subjective night transiently evoked MAPK phosphorylation throughout the ventrolateral region of the SCN peaking within 15min after the light onset, whereas nighttime-phosphorylated MAPK signals in the central-middle SCN become undetectable within 60min after the light onset. Thus, the mode of circadian and photic regulation of MAPK phosphorylation varies remarkably among the three subregions within the SCN, suggesting divergent and cell type-specific roles of MAPK in the clock system of the mouse SCN.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - Jun 6 2003
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology