Sorption of arsenate on MgAl and MgFe layered double hydroxides derived from calcined dolomite

Mari Yoshida, Paulmanickam Koilraj, Xinhong Qiu, Tsuyoshi Hirajima, Keiko Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have the property to remove different anions due to their high anion exchange ability. Synthesis of LDHs using natural earth resources is highly desired in environmental concern. Single phases of Mg2.3Al-, Mg2.9Al- and Mg4Fe-LDHs were successfully synthesized from calcined dolomite (CaO·MgO) as Mg source as well as precipitant through optimization of microwave-assisted hydrothermal aging. Sorption data of arsenate over these LDHs were well fitted to non-linear Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Among the materials studied Mg2.3Al-LDH showed not only superior arsenate sorption capacity but also superior coverage of arsenate. This suggests there are some additional factors other than charge density to influence the sorption density. Mechanism of arsenate sorption was probed by different characterization techniques of solid residues after sorption such as X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transformed infrared, extended X-ray absorption fine structure analysis. Sorption of arsenate over MgAl-LDHs mediated through ion-exchange as well as surface adsorption, depending on charge density of metallic layers. However, sorption of arsenate over MgFe-LDH occurred through ion-exchange along with the formation of inner surface complexes, which leads disturbed layer stacking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1614-1621
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 29 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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