Solid-state photoluminescence of biaryls: Relationship between photophysical feature and crystal structure

Minoru Yamaji, Hideki Okamoto, Kenta Goto, Fumito Tani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Thanks to recent developments in spectrophotometric apparatuses, fluorescence quantum yields (Φf) and lifetimes (τf) of emissive compounds can be readily determined not only in solution but also in the solid state. In this work, we found that solid-state photoluminescence of biaryls consisting of naphthyl, phenanthryl and pyrenyl moieties emerged in the visible wavelength region at room temperature. The Φf and τf values of the studied biaryls were determined in the solid state as well as in solution. The biaryls showed fluorescence in the wavelength regions longer than that of the corresponding parent chromophores, i.e., naphthalene, phenanthrene and pyrene, and the Φf values in solution were greater than those of the parent ones. Some biaryls showed the solid-state emission spectra in the wavelength region longer than those in solution. Based on the crystallographic analysis results, relationship between the crystal packing and the emission features in the solid state was discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113518
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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