Social dilemma in the excess use of antimicrobials incurring antimicrobial resistance

Hiromu Ito, Takayuki Wada, Genki Ichinose, Jun Tanimoto, Jin Yoshimura, Taro Yamamoto, Satoru Morita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) caused by the excess use of antimicrobials has come to be recognized as a global threat to public health. There is a ‘tragedy of the commons’ type social dilemma behind this excess use of antimicrobials, which should be recognized by all stakeholders. To address this global threat, we thus surveyed eight countries/areas to determine whether people recognize this dilemma and showed that although more than half of the population pays little, if any, attention to it, almost 20% recognize this social dilemma, and 15–30% of those have a positive attitude toward solving that dilemma. We suspect that increasing individual awareness of this social dilemma contributes to decreasing the frequency of AMR emergencies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21084
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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