Small diameter tunnel excavation method using slurry pipe-jacking

Hideki Shimada, Saeid Khazaei, Kikuo Matsui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


In order to protect the safety of workers construction, as well as for environmental and cost reasons, efficient small-diameter shallow tunneling methods have recently become increasingly important in regards to outside plant engineering such as for water supplies, electricity, telecommunications and gas. The effects of the above projects in overcrowded urban areas are significant and often result in substantial impact and traffic delays associated with a loss of travel time. Clearly the solution to these utility placement problems, if the full impact of trench excavation is to be avoided, is trench less technology. In particular, for construction work near existing facilities, underground tunnels that are excavated by slurry pipe-jacking are being increasingly employed in order to avoid problems. Slurry pipe-jacking was firmly established as a special method for the non-disruptive construction of the underground pipelines of sewage systems. Pipe-jacking, in its traditional form, has occasionally been used for short railways, roads, rivers, and other projects. Basically the system involves the pushing or thrusting of a drivage machine through concrete pipes ahead of jacks. This method utilizes mud slurry that is formed around the pipes in order to stabilize the surrounding soil. Moreover, in recent years, the rectangular shape of the concrete pipe in using slurry pipe-jacking was introduced due to the effective uses of the space. Based on his reason, the rectangular shape of the concrete pipe is often adopted in Japan. From this point of view, this paper discusses the effect shapes have on the stability of surrounding soil by means of the numerical analysis. Secondly, this paper discusses the performance of the mud slurry around the drivage pipes by means of the two-dimensional Eulerian-Lagragian seepage analysis. Moreover, in slurry pipe-jacking, the performance of the mud slurry plays an important role in the pushing process. Finally, the thrusts in slurry pipe-jacking can be predicted accurately by evaluating the resistance between the mud slurry and the concrete pipes and the resistance between the soil and the pipes in the curved jacking area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-186
Number of pages26
JournalGeotechnical and Geological Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Soil Science
  • Architecture


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