Small-angle X-ray scattering study of the pulley effect of slide-ring gels

Yuya Shinohara, Kentaro Kayashima, Yasushi Okumura, Changming Zhao, Kohzo Ito, Yoshiyuki Amemiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)


The structure of slide-ring (SR) gels in various types of solvents was investigated by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The SR gels have a unique characteristic called the "pulley effect" that the cross-links made of a-cyclodextrin molecules in a figure-eight shape can slide along the polymer chain. The SAXS results show that, in a poor solvent, the sliding cross-links form aggregates that prevent the pulley effect, while the polymer chains freely pass through the cross-links acting like pulleys in a good solvent. A vertically elliptic pattern was observed in two-dimensional SAXS profiles for covalent-bonded chemical gels in a good solvent under uniaxial horizontal deformation, while an isotropic profile was observed for the SR gels in a good solvent even under deformation. This difference in the deformation mechanism between the SR gels and the chemical gels supports the pulley effect of the SR gels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7386-7391
Number of pages6
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Oct 17 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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