Simulation of molten metal freezing behavior on to a structure

M. Mizanur Rahman, Yoshiyuki Ege, Koji Morita, Kiyoshi Nakagawa, Kenji Fukuda, Werner Maschek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


In the severe accident analysis of liquid metal reactors (LMRs), understanding the freezing behavior of molten metal onto the core structure during the core disruptive accidents (CDAs) is of importance for the design of next-generation reactor. CDA can occur only under hypothetical conditions where a serious power-to-cooling mismatch is postulated. Material distribution and relocation of molten metal are the key study areas during CDA. In order to model the freezing behavior of molten metal of the postulated disrupted core in a CDA of an LMR and provide data for the verification of the safety analysis code, SIMMER-III, a series of fundamental experiments was performed to simulate the freezing behavior of molten metal during penetrating onto a metal structure. The numerical simulation was performed by SIMMER-III with a mixed freezing model, which represents both bulk freezing and crust formation. The comparison between SIMMER-III simulation and its corresponding experiment indicates that SIMMER-III can reproduce the freezing behavior observed on different structure materials and under various cooling conditions. SIMMER-III also shows encouraging agreement with experimental results of melt penetration on structures and particle formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2706-2717
Number of pages12
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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