To obtain more efficient photocatalyst for photocatalytic reduction of CO2 with H2O and figure out the reason for nonstoichiometric O2 evolution, silver-loaded sodium titanate photocatalysts were further studied in the improved reaction conditions. After preliminary tests for two kinds of sodium titanate samples with different ratio of sodium to titanium (Na2Ti6O13 and Na2Ti3O7), several sodium hexatitanate (Na2Ti6O13) photocatalysts were further prepared in the flux method by changing the various parameters such as the flux, the loading amount of the Ag cocatalyst, and the loading method of the Ag cocatalyst. As a result, a Ag/Na2Ti6O13 sample prepared in a sodium chloride flux, with 1.0 wt% of Ag cocatalyst loaded by a photodeposition method, exhibited the highest production rate (4.6 μmol h−1) and the highest selectivity (74%) to carbon monoxide among the examined samples, which are more than 29 times higher production rate and 2.7 times higher selectivity to carbon monoxide than those in our previous report. Furthermore, although required oxygen production rate equivalent to the formation rates of the reduced products was not observed in our previous study, it was found that the developed Ag/Na2Ti6O13(NaCl) photocatalyst produced enough amount of oxygen after a long induction period of 50 h in the present condition. The reasons for the insufficient oxygen formation in the initial period were also investigated and clarified, i.e., the chloride residues and the photoadsorption of O2 on the surface are responsible for the insufficient O2 evolution at the initial period.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology