Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) regulates cell polarity and migration by generating phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PI(3,4,5)P3) at the leading edge of migrating cells. The serine-threonine protein kinase Akt binds to PI(3,4,5)P3, resulting in its activation. Active Akt promotes spatially regulated actin cytoskeletal remodeling and thereby directed cell migration. The inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatases (5-ptases) degrade PI(3,4,5)P3 to form PI(3,4)P2, which leads to diminished Akt activation. Several 5-ptases, including SKIP and SHIP2, inhibit actin cytoskeletal reorganization by opposing PI3K/Akt signaling. In this current study, we identify a molecular co-chaperone termed silencer of death domains (SODD/BAG4) that forms a complex with several 5-ptase family members, including SKIP, SHIP1, and SHIP2. The interaction between SODD and SKIP exerts an inhibitory effect on SKIP PI(3,4,5)P3 5-ptase catalytic activity and consequently enhances the recruitment of PI(3,4,5)P3-effectors to the plasma membrane. In contrast, SODD-/- mouse embryonic fibroblasts exhibit reduced Akt-Ser473 and -Thr308 phosphorylation following EGF stimulation, associated with increased SKIP PI(3,4,5)P3-5-ptase activity.SODD-/- mouse embryonic fibroblasts exhibit decreased EGF-stimulated F-actin stress fibers, lamellipodia, and focal adhesion complexity, a phenotype that is rescued by the expression of constitutively active Akt1. Furthermore, reduced cell migration was observed in SODD-/- macrophages, which express the three 5-ptases shown to interact with SODD (SKIP, SHIP1, and SHIP2). Therefore, this study identifiesSODDas a novel regulator of PI3K/Akt signaling to the actin cytoskeleton.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology