In this prospective study, we examined the prophylactic effect of itraconazole oral solution (ITCZ-OS) against invasive fungal disease in hematologic malignancy patients. The participants were 36 patients, at least 16 years of age, with hematologic malignancies treated at our hospital. ITCZ-OS 200 mg/day was administered orally twice a day with a target trough plasma concentration of 350 ng/ml. If the patient did not achieve the target trough plasma concentration, the dose was increased. The success rate of achieving the target trough plasma concentration of ITCZ with a dose of 200 mg/day was 63.9%. During the observation period, 2 patients (5.6%) were diagnosed with possible invasive fungal disease according to the EORTC/MSG 2008 criteria. Adverse events were observed in 2 patients (5.6%). The results showed administration of ITCZ-OS while monitoring ITCZ trough plasma concentrations to be effective for preventing invasive fungal disease, and no serious adverse events occurred. Since predicting trough levels in response to ITCZ administrations is difficult, its measurement is necessary to maintain the prophylactic effect of ITCZ.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||[Rinsho ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2016|
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