We had previously found plant sterols deposited in the bodies of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP)/Sea and Wistar Kyoto (WKY)/NCrlCrlj rats that had a missense mutation in the Abcg5 cDNA sequence that coded for ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC) G5. We used SHRSP/Izm, WKY/ NCrlCrlj, and WKY/Izm rats in the present study to determine the mechanisms for plant sterol deposition in the body. Jcl:Wistar rats were used as a control strain. A diet containing 0.5% plant sterols fed to the rats resulted in plant sterol deposition in the body of SHRSP/Izm, but not in WKY/Izm or Jcl:Wistar rats. Only a single non-synonymous nucleotide change, G1747T, resulting in a conservative cysteine substitution for glycine at amino acid 583 (Gly583Cys) in Abcg5 cDNA was identified in the SHRSP/Izm and WKY/ NCrlCrlj rats. However, this mutation was not found in the WKY/Izm or Jcl:Wistar rats. No significant difference in the biliary secretion or lymphatic absorption of plant sterols was apparent between the rat strains with or without the missense mutation in Abcg5 cDNA. Our observations suggest that plant sterol deposition in rat strains with the missense mutation in Abcg5 cDNA can occur, despite there being no significant change in the biliary secretion or lymphatic absorption of plant sterols.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry