Shock modification by cosmic-ray-excited turbulences

Toshio Terasawa, Tohru Hada, Shuichi Matsukiyo, Mitsuo Oka, Aya Bamba, Ryo Yamazaki

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    In cosmic-ray-mediated shocks large amplitude Alfvén waves are believed to be generated by accelerated cosmic ray particles. The enhanced magnetic pressure shared by these waves is non-negligible in the momentum and energy balances across the shock transition region. Accordingly the shock Rankine-Hugoniot condition is further modified, and the compression ratio across the shock departs from the classical values of 4 (nonrelativistic) and 7 (relativistic). We argue that in the 'grand equipartition' limit, namely equipartition among the waves, the background plasma, and the cosmic ray particles, the compression ratio recovers to the value of 4, and the corresponding spectral index of cosmic ray particles also comes back to the canonical value of 2.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)146-149
    Number of pages4
    JournalProgress of Theoretical Physics Supplement
    Issue number169
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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