Shear mode growth and threshold of small fatigue cracks in SUJ2 bearing steel

Hisao Matsunaga, Satoshi Muramoto, Naoya Shomura, Masahiro Endo

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14 Citations (Scopus)


The shear mode propagation and threshold behaviors of small, semi-elliptical fatigue cracks were investigated in the JIS-SUJ2 bearing steel. Fully-reversed torsional loading was combined with a static axial compressive load to obtain crack growth in the longitudinal direction of cylindrical specimens. Non-propagating cracks smaller than ≅1 mm in size were obtained (i) by decreasing the stress amplitude in tests using notched specimens, and (ii) by using smooth specimens in constant stress amplitude tests. The Mode II and Mode III threshold stress intensity factor ranges, δKIIth and δKIIIth, were estimated from the shapes and dimensions of non-propagating cracks. The threshold values decreased with a decrease in crack size, and there was no significant difference between δKIIth and δKIIIth- Wear on the crack faces was inferred by a powder and also by changes in microstructure in the wake of a crack. The Aftnth in the absence of interference of crack faces was estimated to be approximately 13MPa- m1/2 for a 1mm long crack.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)773-780
Number of pages8
JournalZairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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