RESULTS: Although IgM specific for citrullinated proteins was detected in some patients (11%), IgM molecules reactive to both citrullinated and non-citrullinated peptides were detected in a substantial number of patient samples (12%). IgM ACPA-positive reactions were associated with the presence of IgG ACPA and IgM RF. Surprisingly, protein G-mediated removal of IgG from the serum eliminated positivity for IgM ACPA, suggesting that IgG ACPA-IgM RF complex was being detected. This assumption was confirmed by the detection of IgM RF in the eluate of protein G beads and citrullinated peptide-conjugated beads.
CONCLUSIONS: In an attempt to detect IgM ACPA, we mostly revealed false positive reactions due to the presence of IgM molecules, which were not specific for citrullinated proteins, and IgG ACPA-IgM RF immune complex. The latter complex had been proposed to play a role in the pathogenesis of RA, and here, for the first time, we have demonstrated its presence in the sera of RA patients.
METHODS: IgM ACPA levels were determined in the serum of 176 RA patients by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, in which parameters of reactivity against citrullinated and non-citrullinated peptides were compared to ensure the specificity. Influence of IgM rheumatoid factor (RF) on IgM ACPA detection was examined by removing IgG, using protein G-conjugated beads, or by purifying ACPA, using citrullinated peptide-conjugated beads.
OBJECTIVES: Since the presence of IgM antibodies is a hallmark of ongoing immune response, we aimed to identify immunologically active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients by detecting IgM anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) levels.
|Number of pages
|Clinical and experimental rheumatology
|Published - Jul 1 2018
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy