Selective control of up-regulated and down-regulated genes by temporal patterns and doses of insulin

Takanori Sano, Kentaro Kawata, Satoshi Ohno, Katsuyuki Yugi, Hiroaki Kakuda, Hiroyuki Kubota, Shinsuke Uda, Masashi Fujii, Katsuyuki Kunida, Daisuke Hoshino, Atsushi Hatano, Yuki Ito, Miharu Sato, Yutaka Suzuki, Shinya Kuroda

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)


    Secretion of insulin transiently increases after eating, resulting in a high circulating concentration. Fasting limits insulin secretion, resulting in a low concentration of insulin in the circulation. We analyzed transcriptional responses to different temporal patterns and doses of insulin in the hepatoma FAO cells and identified 13 up-regulated and 16 down-regulated insulin-responsive genes (IRGs). The up-regulated IRGs responded more rapidly than did the down-regulated IRGs to transient stepwise or pulsatile increases in insulin concentration, whereas the downregulated IRGs were repressed at lower concentrations of insulin than those required to stimulate the up-regulated IRGs. Mathematical modeling of the insulin response as two stages-(i) insulin signaling to transcription and (ii) transcription and mRNA stability-indicated that the first stage was the more rapid stage for the down-regulated IRGs, whereas the second stage of transcription was the more rapid stage for the up-regulated IRGs. A subset of the IRGs that were up-regulated or down-regulated in the FAO cells was similarly regulated in the livers of rats injected with a single dose of insulin. Thus, not only can cells respond to insulin but they can also interpret the intensity and pattern of signal to produce distinct transcriptional responses. These results provide insight that may be useful in treating obesity and type 2 diabetes associated with aberrant insulin production or tissue responsiveness.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberra112
    JournalScience Signaling
    Issue number455
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 22 2016

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Biochemistry
    • Molecular Biology
    • Cell Biology


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