Seismogenic Zone Structures Revealed by Improved 3-D Seismic Images in the Nankai Trough off Kumano

Kazuya Shiraishi, Gregory F. Moore, Yasuhiro Yamada, Masataka Kinoshita, Yoshinori Sanada, Gaku Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


To reveal the detailed deformation structures related to plate subduction in the Nankai Trough, we applied up-to-date technologies to improve our 3-D seismic images. This region is dominated by a megasplay fault system that consists of a coseismic out-of-sequence thrust branching from the plate interface and separating the inner and outer accretionary prism. The 3-D seismic volume was acquired off Kumano in 2006 as a preliminary site survey as part of the Nankai Trough Seismogenic Zone Experiment. The preprocessed data quality was improved by recovering the broadband responses and by better attenuating multiple reflections and noise. New reflection images were then produced using prestack time migration and prestack depth migration with updated velocity models. The new velocity model suggests the possible existence of a high-velocity zone just above the megasplay fault, which might indicate petrophysical alteration in the seismogenic zone. The fault geometry with spatial dip angle variation and the overburden velocities are important factors for further estimating the force distribution along the coseismic fault. Deformation structures newly imaged beneath the Kumano Basin and dipping layers above the megasplay fault imply complex thrusting and possible fluid flow paths within the inner prism. Fine-scale deformation features are clarified in the shallow areas from the outer prism to the transition zone, which are useful for reconstructing the accretionary prism development. A low-reflectivity zone, including an isolated layered block, may be originally underthrusted sediments that have been remobilized during later strike-slip faults along the edge of Kumano Basin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2252-2271
Number of pages20
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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