We investigated two-dimensional brittle fragmentation with a flat impact experimentally, focusing on the low-impact-energy region near the fragmentation-critical point. We found that the universality class of fragmentation transition disagreed with that of percolation. However, the weighted mean mass of the fragments could be scaled using the pseudo-control-parameter multiplicity. The data for highly fragmented samples included a cumulative fragment mass distribution that clearly obeyed a power law. The exponent of this power law was 0.5 and it was independent of sample size. The fragment mass distributions in this regime seemed to collapse into a unified scaling function using weighted mean fragment mass scaling. We also examined the behavior of higher-order moments of the fragment mass distributions, and obtained multiscaling exponents that agreed with those of the simple biased cascade model.
|Physical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
|Published - 2003
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics