Salt resistivity of poly (4-vinyl benzoic acid) (P4VBA) gel was investigated to compare with the super salt-resistivity that was found for poly (4-vinyl phenol)(P4VPh) gel containing an acidic proton and π-electron system. Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) gel was also prepared and used as a reference gel containing only an acidic proton. P4VBA gel showed a moderate salt resistivity, which was less significant than that for P4VPh gel, in many kinds of inorganic salt solutions (MgCl2, LiCl, NaCl, KCl, CsCl, KI, KSCN, Na2 SO4). On the other hand, PAA gel showed a drastic deswelling in the presence of concentrated MgCl2, LiCl, Na2 SO4, and (NH4)2SO4 solutions, and a significant swelling for KSCN solution. These contrastive behaviors between P4VBA and PAA gels strongly suggest that the combination of acidic proton and π-electron system is essential and necessary for polymer gels to be endowed with the salt resistivity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry