Background There is currently no anti-fibrotic drug therapy available to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV) cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to assess the safety, tolerability, and anti-fibrotic effect of PRI-724, a small-molecule modulator of Wnt signaling, in patients with HCV cirrhosis. Methods In this single-center, open-label, phase 1 trial, we sequentially enrolled patients with HCV cirrhosis who were classified as Child-Pugh (CP) class A or B. PRI-724 was administered as a continuous intravenous infusion of 10, 40, or 160 mg/m2/day for six cycles of 1 week on and 1 week off. The primary endpoints were frequency and severity of adverse events. The secondary endpoint was efficacy of PRI-724 in treating cirrhosis based on CP score and liver biopsy. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (no. NCT02195440). Findings Between Sept 3, 2014 and May 2, 2016, 14 patients were enrolled: CP class A:B, 6:8; median age, 62 (range: 43 to 74) years; male:female, 10:4. Twelve of the 14 patients completed six cycles of treatment; one was withdrawn from the study due to possible study drug-related liver injury (grade 3) in the 160 mg/m2/day dose cohort and one withdrew for personal reasons. Serious adverse events occurred in three patients [21% (3/14)], one of which was possibly related to PRI-724. The most common adverse events were nausea [29% (4/14)] and fatigue [21% (3/14)]. After PRI-724 administration, the CP scores worsened by 1 point in two patients in the 10 mg/m2/day cohort, improved in three patients at 1, 1, and 2 points in the 40 mg/m2/day cohort, and improved in one patient by 3 points in the 160 mg/m2/day cohort. The histology activity index scores of the liver tissue improved in two patients and exacerbated in two patients in the 10 mg/m2/day cohort, and improved in one patient in the 40 mg/m2/day cohort. Interpretation This study showed that administration of 10 or 40 mg/m2/day intravenous PRI-724 over 12 weeks was well-tolerated by patients with HCV cirrhosis; however, liver injury as a possible related serious adverse event was observed in the 160 mg/m2/day cohort. Funding Source AMED.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)