Room-Temperature Superplasticity in an Ultrafine-Grained Magnesium Alloy

Kaveh Edalati, Takahiro Masuda, Makoto Arita, Mitsuaki Furui, Xavier Sauvage, Zenji Horita, Ruslan Z. Valiev

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    110 Citations (Scopus)


    Superplasticity, a phenomenon of high tensile elongation in polycrystalline materials, is highly effective in fabrication of complex parts by metal forming without any machining. Superplasticity typically occurs only at elevated homologous temperatures, where thermally-activated deformation mechanisms dominate. Here, we report the first observation of roomerature superplasticity in a magnesium alloy, which challenges the commonly-held view of the poor roomerature plasticity of magnesium alloys. An ultrafine-grained magnesium-lithium (Mg-8 wt.%Li) alloy produced by severe plastic deformation demonstrated 440% elongation at room temperature (0.35 T m) with a strain-rate sensitivity of 0.37. These unique properties were associated with enhanced grain-boundary sliding, which was approximately 60% of the total elongation. This enhancement originates from fast grain-boundary diffusion caused by the Li segregation along the grain boundaries and the formation of Li-rich interphases. This discovery introduces a new approach for controlling the roomerature superplasticity by engineering grain-boundary composition and diffusion, which is of importance in metal forming technology without heating.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2662
    JournalScientific reports
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • General


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