Multidrug resistance–associated protein 4 (MRP4), a member of the C subfamily of ATP-binding cassette transporters, is highly expressed in the kidneys of mammals and is responsible for renal elimination of numerous drugs. Adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 1 (ADAR1) has been reported to regulate gene expression by catalyzing adenosine-to-inosine RNA editing reactions; however, potential roles of ADAR1 in the regulation of MRP4 expression have not been investigated. In this study, we found that downregulation of ADAR1 increased the expression of MRP4 in human renal cells at the posttranscriptional level. Luciferase reporter assays and microarray analysis revealed that downregulation of ADAR1 reduced the levels of microRNA miR-381-3p, which led to the corresponding upregulation of MPR4 expression. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a type of closed-loop endogenous noncoding RNAs that play an essential role in gene expression by acting as miRNA sponges. We demonstrate that ADAR1 repressed the biogenesis of circRNA circHIPK3 through its adenosine-to-inosine RNA editing activity, which altered the secondary structure of the precursor of circHIPK3. Furthermore, in silico analysis suggested that circHIPK3 acts as a sponge of miR-381-3p. Indeed, we found overexpression of circHIPK3 induced the expression of MRP4 through its interference with miR-381-3p. Taken together, our study provides novel insights into regulation of the expression of xenobiotic transporters through circRNA expression by the RNA editing enzyme ADAR1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology