Objectives: This study aimed to report the mid-term radiological outcomes of patients with bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) for stage 3 osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), and to identify the risk factors for postoperative radiological changes. Methods: We retrospectively investigated 62 patients (38 men and 24 women; mean age, 50.1 years) aged <70 years who underwent primary BHA for Association Research Circulation Osseous stage 3 ONFH between 1998 and 2010. The mean follow-up period after BHA was 12.8 years. The following changes were assessed on follow-up radiographs: outer head migration, polyethylene wear, and femoral osteolysis. The association between demographic data and the development of postoperative radiological changes was evaluated. Results: Radiological changes were found in 20 hips (32.3%) at a mean of 8.1 years after BHA; of these, three hips (4.8%) underwent total hip arthroplasty conversion at a mean of 10.9 years after BHA. Both univariate and multivariate analysis revealed that younger age and female sex were independent risk factors for the development of postoperative radiological changes. Conclusion: The current results suggest that the indication of BHA should be carefully determined in young or female patients with ONFH, even when the disease is in the early stage.
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