Ring shape-dependent self-sorting of pillar[n]arenes assembled on a surface

Tomoki Ogoshi, Shu Takashima, Natsumi Inada, Hitoshi Asakawa, Takeshi Fukuma, Yoshiaki Shoji, Takashi Kajitani, Takanori Fukushima, Tomofumi Tada, Tomonori Dotera, Takahiro Kakuta, Tada aki Yamagishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Self-sorting, in which multiple components selectively assemble themselves by recognising self from others, is an attractive approach to produce supramolecular assemblies with controlled structures. Lock-and-key type complementary physical interactions are required for self-sorting because selective affinity is necessary to distinguish self from others. Here we show self-sorting behaviour based on a principle of geometrical complementarity by shape during our investigation of assembly of pentagonal pillar[5]arenes and hexagonal pillar[6]arenes on a surface. In the homoassembly systems, anionic pillar[5]arenes and pillar[6]arenes are adsorbed onto positively charged layers of cationic pillar[5]arenes and pillar[6]arenes, respectively, through cationic-anionic electrostatic interactions. In contrast, ionic pillar[5]arenes are adsorbed onto layers constructed from oppositely charged pillar[5]arenes, but ionic pillar[6]arenes are not. Equally, for the reverse combination, ionic pillar[6]arenes are adsorbed onto layers constructed from oppositely charged pillar[6]arenes, but ionic pillar[5]arenes are not. The geometrical complementarity by shape realises effective self-sorting even in non-directional multivalent ionic interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number92
JournalCommunications Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Biochemistry

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