Ribonucleotide reductase is not limiting for mitochondrial DNA copy number in mice

Emil Ylikallio, Jennifer L. Page, Xia Xu, Milla Lampinen, Gerold Bepler, Tomomi Ide, Henna Tyynismaa, Robert S. Weiss, Anu Suomalainen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) is the rate-limiting enzyme in deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate (dNTP) biosynthesis, with important roles in nuclear genome maintenance. RNR is also essential for maintenance of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in mammals. The mechanisms regulating mtDNA copy number in mammals are only being discovered. In budding yeast, RNR overexpression resulted in increased mtDNA levels, and rescued the disease phenotypes caused by a mutant mtDNA polymerase. This raised the question of whether mtDNA copy number increase by RNR induction could be a strategy for treating diseases with mtDNA mutations. We show here that high-level overexpression of RNR subunits (Rrm1, Rrm2 and p53R2; separately or in different combinations) in mice does not result in mtDNA copy number elevation. Instead, simultaneous expression of two RNR subunits leads to imbalanced dNTP pools and progressive mtDNA depletion in the skeletal muscle, without mtDNA mutagenesis. We also show that endogenous RNR transcripts are downregulated in response to large increases of mtDNA in mice, which is indicative of nuclear-mitochondrial crosstalk with regard to mtDNA copy number. Our results establish that RNR is not limiting for mtDNA copy number in mice, and provide new evidence for the importance of balanced dNTP pools in mtDNA maintenance in postmitotic tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8208-8218
Number of pages11
JournalNucleic acids research
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics


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