Revealing a Centrally Condensed Structure in OMC-3/MMS 3 with ALMA High-resolution Observations

Kaho Morii, Satoko Takahashi, Masahiro N. MacHida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), we investigated the peculiar millimeter source MMS 3 located in the Orion Molecular Cloud 3 (OMC-3) region in the 1.3 mm continuum, CO (J = 2-1), SiO (J = 5-4), C18O (J = 2-1), N2D+ (J = 3-2), and DCN (J = 3-2) emissions. With the ALMA high angular resolution (∼0.″2), we detected a very compact and highly centrally condensed continuum emission with a size of 0.″45 × 0.″32 (P.A. = 0.°22). The peak position coincides with the locations of previously reported Spitzer/IRAC and X-ray sources within their positional uncertainties. We also detected an envelope with a diameter of ∼6800 au (P.A. = 75°) in the C18O (J = 2-1) emission. Moreover, a bipolar outflow was detected in the CO (J = 2-1) emission for the first time. The outflow is elongated roughly perpendicular to the long axis of the envelope detected in the C18O (J = 2-1) emission. Compact high-velocity CO gas in the (redshifted) velocity range of 22-30 km s-1, presumably tracing a jet, was detected near the 1.3 mm continuum peak. A compact and faint redshifted SiO emission was marginally detected in the CO outflow lobe. The physical quantities of the outflow in MMS 3 are somewhat smaller than those in other sources in the OMC-3 region. The centrally condensed object associated with the near-infrared and X-ray sources, the flattened envelope, and the faint outflow indicate that MMS 3 harbors a low-mass protostar with an age of ∼103 yr.

Original languageEnglish
Article number148
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Revealing a Centrally Condensed Structure in OMC-3/MMS 3 with ALMA High-resolution Observations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this