It has been reported that restraint stress gives rise to various immunosuppressive events. In the present study, we focused our interest on an early stage of the host-defense system in which granulocytes, macrophages and natural killer (NK) cells are involved. We observed that an elevation of endogenous glucocorticoid levels in mice induced by 24 h-restraint stress (acute stress) did not significantly reduce the NK activity of the spleen cells but profoundly suppressed the migration of macrophages and granulocytes into peritoneal cavities of the mice at 24 h after an intraperitoneal injection of proteose peptone. The reduced number of the migrated granulocytes and macrophages corresponded to a down-regulated gene expression of such chemotactic factors as MCP-1/JE in the peritoneal exudate cells of the stress-loaded mice. The stress-loaded mice recovered from such a suppressive state upon treatment with the glucocorticoid antagonist, RU-486, or upon adrenalectomy, suggesting that the elevated level of endogenous glucocorticoid is responsible for these suppressive effects of acute stress.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology