Restoration of the natural E(1/21 +) - E(3/21 +) energy splitting in odd-K isotopes towards N = 40

Y. L. Sun, A. Obertelli, P. Doornenbal, C. Barbieri, Y. Chazono, T. Duguet, H. N. Liu, P. Navrátil, F. Nowacki, K. Ogata, T. Otsuka, F. Raimondi, V. Somà, Y. Utsuno, K. Yoshida, N. Achouri, H. Baba, F. Browne, D. Calvet, F. ChâteauS. Chen, N. Chiga, A. Corsi, M. L. Cortés, A. Delbart, J. M. Gheller, A. Giganon, A. Gillibert, C. Hilaire, T. Isobe, T. Kobayashi, Y. Kubota, V. Lapoux, T. Motobayashi, I. Murray, H. Otsu, V. Panin, N. Paul, W. Rodriguez, H. Sakurai, M. Sasano, D. Steppenbeck, L. Stuhl, Y. Togano, T. Uesaka, K. Wimmer, K. Yoneda, O. Aktas, T. Aumann, L. X. Chung, F. Flavigny, S. Franchoo, I. Gašparić, R. B. Gerst, J. Gibelin, K. I. Hahn, D. Kim, T. Koiwai, Y. Kondo, P. Koseoglou, J. Lee, C. Lehr, B. D. Linh, T. Lokotko, M. MacCormick, K. Moschner, T. Nakamura, S. Y. Park, D. Rossi, E. Sahin, D. Sohler, P. A. Söderström, S. Takeuchi, H. Törnqvist, V. Vaquero, V. Wagner, S. Wang, V. Werner, X. Xu, H. Yamada, D. Yan, Z. Yang, M. Yasuda, L. Zanetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


We report on the first γ-ray spectroscopy of 51,53K produced via the 52,54Ca(p,2p) reactions at ∼250 MeV/nucleon. Unambiguous final-state angular-momentum assignments were achieved for beam intensities down to few particles per second by using a new technique based on reaction vertex tracking combined with a thick liquid-hydrogen target. Through γ-ray spectroscopy and exclusive parallel momentum distribution analysis, 3/2+ ground states and 1/2+ first excited states in 51,53K were established quantifying the natural ordering of the 1d3/2 and 2s1/2 proton-hole states that are restored at N = 32 and 34. State-of-the-art ab initio calculations and shell-model calculations with improved phenomenological effective interactions reproduce the present data and predict consistently the increase of the E(1/21 +) - E(3/21 +) energy differences towards N = 40.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135215
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Publication statusPublished - Mar 10 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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