Membrane vesicles released by E. coli O157:H7 strains were investigated by immuno-electron microscopy using anti-O157 antibody. Anti-O157 antibody enhanced the negative-staining of vesicles and we found numerous small vesicles clearly formed around bacterial cells. An immunogold-electron microscopic examination confirmed that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) including the O-side chain is present on the surface of the vesicles. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis of the purified vesicles showed that the vesicles contained LPS consisting of a lipid-A and an O polysaccharide. In addition, the endotoxic activity of the vesicle was confirmed by a limulus test. These results suggest that the vesicles may play an important role in the pathogenesis of Escherichia coli O157:H7.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||MICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
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