It has been difficult to set an individualized therapeutic window of tacrolimus after organ transplantation, because of wide interindividual variation of responsiveness to immunosuppressive therapy. In this study, we examined the significance of multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) in the peripheral blood cells by comparing the trough concentration of tacrolimus with the occurrence of acute cellular rejection (ACR) in retrospectively collected pediatric living-donor liver transplant patients, who were enrolled after obtaining written informed consent. No significant difference in the intraindividual variation in MDR1 mRNA expression in the peripheral blood cells was observed between postoperative days 3 and 7. The average trough concentration of tacrolimus during the 15-day postoperative period was significantly higher in the event-free patients than in those who experienced ACR (21 of 44 cases), and they had higher levels of blood MDR1 mRNA. In addition, the average trough concentration of tacrolimus significantly correlated with the logarithmically transformed MDR1 mRNA data from the blood cells in patients of both the event-free (r = 0.5406; P = 0.0077) and ACR (r = 0.4772; P = 0.0284). The cellular accumulation of [14C]tacrolimus in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells was 2-fold higher in mdr1a/1b-knockout mice than in wild-type mice (P = 0.0182). These results suggest that MDR1 in blood cells decreases the leukocytic concentration of tacrolimus, and it could be a useful marker to establish an individualized target concentration of tacrolimus to prevent ACR in pediatric patients after liver transplantation.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
|Published - May 2008
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine