Regulation of aldosterone synthase cytochrome P-450 in rat adrenals by angiotensin II and potassium

Hirotaka Shibata, Tadashi Ogishima, Fumiko Mitani, Hiromichi Suzuki, Marohito Murakami, Takao Saruta, Yuzuru Ishimura

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63 Citations (Scopus)


Changes in the levels of aldosterone synthase cytochrome P-450, a recently identified enzyme in rat adrenals, were studied in response to the renin-angiotensin system and K stimuli. As examined by an immunoblot technique, the zona glomerulosa mitochondria from rats fed on a low Na-normal K diet (8.6 mmol Na+ and 207 mmol K+/kg of diet) or a low Na-high K (0.2 M KCl in drinking water) diet for 4-10 days contained significantly higher amounts of aldosterone synthase cytochrome P-450 than those from rats fed on a normal diet (86 mmol Na+ and 207 mmol K+/kg of diet). Activities of the enzyme were also found to increase by about 10-fold on day 10. In concert with these changes, both plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone concentration increased, indicating that the renin-angiotensin system was activated in these rats. Feeding with a normal Na-high K diet also induced significantly higher levels of both amount and activity of aldosterone synthase cytochrome P-450 together with an elevated serum K concentration on day 4, though they all decreased to near the control level on the following days. On the other hand, when enalapril malate, an angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor, was administered to the low Na-normal K rats, the increases in the amount and activity of the enzyme as well as in plasma aldosterone concentration were suppressed altogether. However, the enalapril administration to the low Na-high K rats suppressed the increases only partially. These results indicate that the aldosterone synthase cytochrome P-450 is an ultimate target of the regulation of aldosterone biosynthesis by angiotensin II and K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2534-2539
Number of pages6
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology


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