Refolding of urea-induced denaturation of model proteins by trimethylamine N-oxide

Pankaj Attri, Pannuru Venkatesu

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13 Citations (Scopus)


The biomolecules are known to be stabilized by osmolytes, trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) while urea, destabilizes the protein structures. The deleterious effect of urea on proteins has been counteracted by TMAO is well understood; nonetheless, refolding of urea-induced conformational changes of proteins by TMAO is still an active subject. To understand the refolding ability of TMAO from urea-induced denaturation of biomolecules, we have performed transfer free energy (ΔG′tr) and the hydrodynamic diameter (dH) of cyclic dipeptides (CDs) such as, cyclo(Gly-Gly), and cyclo(Leu-Ala) through solubilities and dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements, respectively. We observed positive and negative values of ΔG′tr for CDs from water to TMAO and urea, respectively. Our results reveal that TMAO is a refolding additive for urea deleterious actions on CDs at 1:1 and 1:2 molar ratios of TMAO and urea. However, TMAO (1 M) fails to refolding CDs structure from the urea (3-5 M)-induced conformational changes on CDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalThermochimica Acta
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 10 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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