Recurrence rate of cystoid macular edema with topical dorzolamide treatment and its risk factors in retinitis pigmentosa

Shotaro Shimokawa, Yusuke Murakami, Kohta Fujiwara, Jun Funatsu, Shunji Nakatake, Yoshito Koyanagi, Masato Akiyama, Noriko Yoshida, Atsunobu Takeda, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Koh Hei Sonoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the rate of the recurrence of cystoid macular edema (CME) secondary to retinitis pigmentosa (RP) after the initiation of topical dorzolamide and the recurrence risk factors. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the data of RP patients at Kyushu University Hospital. We included patients who showed a treatment response to 1.0% topical dorzolamide. The day of treatment initiation was set as the baseline. Topical dorzolamide treatment was continued during the follow-up. The recurrence of CME (defined as a .20% increase in central subfield thickness compared to previous visit, or a central subfield thickness value that exceed baseline value) was evaluated at each follow-up visit. Risk factors for RP-CME recurrence were analyzed by Cox proportional hazards modeling. A Kaplan–Meier survival analysis was used to evaluate the time to recurrent RP-CME. Results: Forty RP-CME patients showed a treatment response to topical dorzolamide. During the mean 3.9-year follow-up, 14 patients exhibited recurrence; its rate was 15.6%, 34.7%, and 48.7% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. A high baseline central subfield thickness was significantly associated with recurrent (hazard ratio 1.11, 95% CI: 1.05–1.18, P = 0.0004). Conclusion: The recurrence rate of RP-CME increased with time. A high baseline central subfield thickness value was a risk factor for recurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-173
Number of pages6
JournalRetina
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

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