Reconstitution of archaeal ribonuclease P from RNA and four protein components

Yoshiaki Kouzuma, Masashi Mizoguchi, Hisanori Takagi, Hideo Fukuhara, Masayo Tsukamoto, Tomoyuki Numata, Makoto Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)


Ribonuclease P (RNase P) is an endonuclease responsible for generating the 5 end of matured tRNA molecules. A homology search of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 genome database revealed that the four genes, PH1481, PH1601, PH1771, and PH1877, have a significant homology to those encoding RNase P protein subunits, hpop5, Rpp21, Rpp29, and Rpp30, of human, respectively. These genes were expressed in Escherichia coli cells, and the resulting proteins Ph1481p, Ph1601p, Ph1771p, and Ph1877p were purified to apparent homogeneity in a set of column chromatographies. The four proteins were characterized in terms of their capability to bind the cognate RNase P RNA from P. horikoshii. All four proteins exhibited the binding activity to the RNase P RNA. In vitro reconstitution of four putative RNase P proteins with the in vitro transcripted P. horikoshii RNase P RNA revealed that three proteins Ph1481p, Ph1601p, and Ph1771p, and RNase P RNA are minimal components for the RNase P activity. However, addition of the fourth protein Ph1877p strongly stimulated enzymatic activity, indicating that all four proteins and RNase P RNA are essential for optimal RNase P activity. The present data will pave the way for the elucidation of the reaction mechanism for archaeal as well as eukaryotic RNase P.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)666-673
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 4 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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