Recent developments in cancer research: Expectations for a new remedy

Koji Ando, Qingjiang Hu, Yuta Kasagi, Eiji Oki, Masaki Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Cancer research has made remarkable progress and new discoveries are beginning to be made. For example, the discovery of immune checkpoint inhibition mechanisms in cancer cells has led to the development of immune checkpoint inhibitors that have benefited many cancer patients. In this review, we will introduce and describe the latest novel areas of cancer research: exosomes, microbiome, immunotherapy. and organoids. Exosomes research will lead to further understanding of the mechanisms governing cancer proliferation, invasion, and metastasis, as well as the development of cancer detection and therapeutic methods. Microbiome are important in understanding the disease. Immunotherapy is the fourth treatment in cancer therapy. Organoid biology will further develop with a goal of translating the research into personalized therapy. These research areas may result in the creation of new cancer treatments in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-426
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Gastroenterological Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology


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