The Weyl fermion belonging to the real representation of the gauge group provides a simple illustrative example for Luscher's gauge-invariant lattice formulation of chiral gauge theories. We can explicitly construct the fermion integration measure globally over the gauge-field configuration space in the arbitrary topological sector; there is no global obstruction corresponding to the Witten anomaly. It is shown that this Weyl formulation is equivalent to a lattice formulation based on the Majorana (left-right-symmetric) fermion, in which the fermion partition function is given by the pfaffian with a definite sign, up to physically irrelevant contact terms. This observation suggests a natural relative normalization of the fermion measure in different topological sectors for the Weyl fermion belonging to the complex representation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics