Radiological features of programmed cell death-ligand 2-positive lung adenocarcinoma: A single-institution retrospective study

Kazuki Takada, Gouji Toyokawa, Koichi Azuma, Shinkichi Takamori, Tomoko Jogo, Fumihiko Hirai, Tetsuzo Tagawa, Akihiko Kawahara, Jun Akiba, Isamu Okamoto, Yoichi Nakanishi, Yoshinao Oda, Tomoaki Hoshino, Yoshihiko Maehara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: Programmed cell death-ligand 1 and 2 (PD-L1 and PD-L2) are ligands of the programmed cell death- 1 (PD1) receptor. PD1/PD-L1 inhibitors have shown clinical efficacy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, relatively little is known about the expression of PD-L2, or its association with the clinicopathological features of NSCLC. Here, the radiological features of PD-L2-positive lung adenocarcinoma were evaluated. Materials and Methods: PDL1 and PD-L2 expression were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining of surgically-resected specimens from 393 patients with primary lung adenocarcinoma who underwent preoperative thin-section computed tomography (CT), 222 of whom also underwent 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography/CT (18F-FDG-PET/CT). Results: Among the 393 specimens, 132 (33.6%) and 266 (67.7%) were positive for PD-L1 and PD-L2 expression, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the absence of surrounding ground glass opacity and the presence of air bronchogram were significantly associated with PD-L2 expression; however, there was no significant association between PD-L2 expression and the consolidation/tumor ratio. In 222 18F-FDG-PET/CT, the maximum standardized uptake value was significantly higher in patients with PD-L2-positive compared to those with PD-L2-negative tumors. Conclusion: PD-L2-positive lung adenocarcinomas are less radiologically malignant and invasive than their PD-L1-positive counterparts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1541-1550
Number of pages10
JournalIn Vivo
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology


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