Quasifree Neutron Knockout Reaction Reveals a Small s -Orbital Component in the Borromean Nucleus B 17

Z. H. Yang, Y. Kubota, A. Corsi, K. Yoshida, X. X. Sun, J. G. Li, M. Kimura, N. Michel, K. Ogata, C. X. Yuan, Q. Yuan, G. Authelet, H. Baba, C. Caesar, D. Calvet, A. Delbart, M. Dozono, J. Feng, F. Flavigny, J. M. GhellerJ. Gibelin, A. Giganon, A. Gillibert, K. Hasegawa, T. Isobe, Y. Kanaya, S. Kawakami, D. Kim, Y. Kiyokawa, M. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, T. Kobayashi, Y. Kondo, Z. Korkulu, S. Koyama, V. Lapoux, Y. Maeda, F. M. Marqués, T. Motobayashi, T. Miyazaki, T. Nakamura, N. Nakatsuka, Y. Nishio, A. Obertelli, A. Ohkura, N. A. Orr, S. Ota, H. Otsu, T. Ozaki, V. Panin, S. Paschalis, E. C. Pollacco, S. Reichert, J. Y. Roussé, A. T. Saito, S. Sakaguchi, M. Sako, C. Santamaria, M. Sasano, H. Sato, M. Shikata, Y. Shimizu, Y. Shindo, L. Stuhl, T. Sumikama, Y. L. Sun, M. Tabata, Y. Togano, J. Tsubota, F. R. Xu, J. Yasuda, K. Yoneda, J. Zenihiro, S. G. Zhou, W. Zuo, T. Uesaka

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A kinematically complete quasifree (p,pn) experiment in inverse kinematics was performed to study the structure of the Borromean nucleus B17, which had long been considered to have a neutron halo. By analyzing the momentum distributions and exclusive cross sections, we obtained the spectroscopic factors for 1s1/2 and 0d5/2 orbitals, and a surprisingly small percentage of 9(2)% was determined for 1s1/2. Our finding of such a small 1s1/2 component and the halo features reported in prior experiments can be explained by the deformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory in continuum, revealing a definite but not dominant neutron halo in B17. The present work gives the smallest s- or p-orbital component among known nuclei exhibiting halo features and implies that the dominant occupation of s or p orbitals is not a prerequisite for the occurrence of a neutron halo.

Original languageEnglish
Article number082501
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Feb 23 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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