Hydrogenation of chirally unstable 2-substituted 3-oxo carboxylic esters gives a mixture of four stereoisomeric hydroxy esters. Use of BINAP-Ru(II) complex catalysts allows selective production of one stereoisomer among four possible isomers. The stereoselectivity obtained by the dynamic kinetic resolution depends on facile in situ racemization of the substrates, efficient chirality recognition ability of the catalysts, and the structures of the ketonic substrate. The factors controlling the efficiency of the stereoselective hydrogenation are experimentally determined by reaction of racemic oxo esters using enantiomerically pure and racemic BINAP complexes. Quantitative expression of the dynamic kinetic resolution has been made by defining the product partition coefficients (w, x, y, and z), the relative reactivities of the enantiomeric substrates (kfast/kSl0W), and the relative ease with which stereoinversion and hydrogenation take place (kinv/kfast). The validity of the equations has been demonstrated by the graphical exhibition of the enantioselectivity and diastereoselectivity as a function of conversion of the substrates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry