QCD phase diagram at imaginary baryon and isospin chemical potentials

Yuji Sakai, Hiroaki Kouno, Masanobu Yahiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


We explore the phase diagram of two-flavor quantum chromodynamics (QCD) at imaginary values of baryon and isospin chemical potentials, μB and μiso, analyzing the thermodynamic potential of QCD analytically and that of the Polyakov-loop extended Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (PNJL) model numerically. QCD has no pion condensation at imaginary μB and μiso, and therefore has discrete symmetries that are not present at real μB and μiso. The PNJL model possesses all the discrete symmetries. It can reproduce qualitatively lattice QCD data presented very recently.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105007
JournalJournal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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