Purification and Some Properties of Three Chitinases from the Seeds of Rye (Secale cereale)

Takeshi Yamagami, Gunki Funatsu

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38 Citations (Scopus)


Three chitinases, designated RSC-a, -b, and -c, were purified from the seeds of rye (Secale cereal) using ammonium sulfate precipitation, CM-cellulose column chromatography, gel filtration on Sephadex G-75, and S-Sepharose column chromatography. RSC-a, -b, and -c are basic proteins having molecular masses of 33 kDa, 26 kDa, and 26 kDa, and isoelectric points of 9.7, 10, and >10, respectively. RSC-b and -c were found to be homologous proteins having similar amino acid compositions and N-terminal sequences. RSC-a contains more Thr, Ser, Glu, Pro, Gly, and Cys than RSC-b and -c and has a different N-terminal sequence from them. They hydrolyze glycolchitin and colloidal chitin, but not cell walls of Micrococcus lysodeikticus. These enzymes are stable at pH 4-8 and their optimum pHs toward glycolchitin are 5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-647
Number of pages5
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry


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